By Stephan Blatti, Paul F. Snowdon
What are we? what's the nature of the human individual? Animalism has a simple resolution to those long-standing philosophical questions: we're animals. After being overlooked for a very long time in philosophical discussions of our nature, this concept has lately received huge help in metaphysics and philosophy of brain. It has additionally, among philosophers, occasioned robust competition, although it can be acknowledged to be the view assumed by means of a lot of the clinical group. Essays on Animalism is the 1st quantity to be dedicated to this significant subject and offers to set the time table for the subsequent degree within the debate.
Containing customarily new papers in addition to hugely vital articles that have been lately released somewhere else, this volume's individuals comprise either rising voices within the debate and lots of of these who've been instrumental in shaping it. a few of their contributions shield animalism, others criticize it, nonetheless others discover its extra basic implications. The publication additionally incorporates a great advent via the editors explaining what animalism is, picking top concerns that benefit cognizance, and highlighting the various matters that the individuals have raised.
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Extra info for Animalism: new essays on persons, animals, and identity
Mark Johnston, ‘Human Beings Revisited: My Body is Not an Animal’, in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Volume 3, edited by Dean Zimmerman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 54–5. 16 Jefferson McMahan, Killing at the Margins of Life (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), chapter 1. The Embodied Parts Proposal was independently suggested by Ingmar Persson, in ‘Our Identity and the Separability of Persons and Organisms’, Dialogue 38 (1999). But Persson rejected this view, on what seem to me overly sceptical grounds.
25 We can call this the Physical Properties Objection. On this objection, we have many physical properties which cannot be had by our conscious thinking part, whether we claim this part to be a brain, or a mind, or a Lockean person. Since we have such physical properties, we must be human animals, rather than some part of these animals. Johnston, ‘My Body is Not an Animal’, 50. Johnston, ‘My Body is Not an Animal’, 48. , p. 76. 25 OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 06/25/2016, SPi We Are Not Human Beings 43 This objection can be answered.
1. 1 Here on Earth, I enter the Teletransporter. When I press some button, a machine destroys my body, while recording the exact states of all my cells. This information is sent by radio to Mars, where another machine makes, out of organic materials, a perfect copy of my body. The person who wakes up on Mars seems to remember living my life up to the moment when I pressed the b utton, and is in every other way just like me. Of those who have thought about such cases, some believe that it would be I who would wake up on Mars.