Download American Indians in World War I: at home and at war by Thomas A. Britten PDF

By Thomas A. Britten

In the course of international warfare I, approximately 10,000 local americans both enlisted or have been drafted into the yankee Expeditionary strength. 3 comparable questions are tested intensive for the 1st time during this ebook: What have been the battlefield studies of local american citizens? How did racial and cultural stereotypes approximately Indians impact their tasks? Did their wartime contributions result in alterations in federal Indian coverage or their usual of living?Many American Indians unique themselves scuffling with at the Western entrance. And in comparison to black and Mexican American squaddies, Indians loved close to common admire whilst in uniform. To rejoice their patriotism in the course of and after the battle, Indians may well even practice quite a few conventional ceremonies in a different way proscribed. either in strive against and of their aid roles at the homefront, together with volunteer contributions by way of Indian girls, local americans was hoping their efforts could bring about a extra energetic program of democracy. however the Bureau of Indian Affairs persevered to chop healthiness and education schemes and to suppress Indian cultures. "This is a primary e-book and an important contribution to twentieth-century Indian history."--Professor Donald L. Parman

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Consequently, each member of the patrol placed great faith in the man sent out front to guide them. On this particular mission, a Blackfoot Indian named Johnson, a former student at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania, received orders to lead the patrol. Johnson probably was not surprised. He had been out on an earlier patrol and was already familiar with the terrain ahead. It was not uncommon for the men of Company I to rely upon Private Johnson to guide them back and forth through No Man's Land, on all-night Page 4 marches and through the forests of north-central France.

Consequently, officers presented their arguments for Indian units by stressing both the humanitarians' assimilationist-oriented goals and their own strategic and tactical interests. They reasoned, for example, that military service would provide work for reservation Indians, including troublesome young warriors. Rations and pay for Indian recruits, army officials argued, would supplement government issues of food and clothing made on reservations and perhaps relieve some of the poverty and misery associated with reservation life.

On July 18, 1918, however, Private Johnson exceeded expectations and distinguished himself by performing several extraordinary acts of valor. Although wounded himself, he went out into No Man's Land to rescue a fallen comrade, hoisted the injured soldier up on his shoulders, and carried the man back to safety. Throughout the remainder of the night, Johnson continued to aid his colleagues by carrying blankets and other supplies to those who were lying wounded in the field. 3 Private Johnson was only one of thousands of American Indians who served in the American Expeditionary Force during World War I.

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