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By Stephen Hester, Peter Eglin

Designed as a substitute to standard texts on criminology, "A Sociology of Crime" departs from the normal predicament with legal behaviour and its motives to stress the socially developed nature of crime. Taking a viewpoint from radical sociology, Stephen Hester and Peter Elgin argue that crime is a made from social approaches which establish sure acts and individuals as legal. of their exploration of this subject, Hester and Elgin use 3 top methods in modern sociological concept - ethnomethodology, symbolic interactionism, and structural clash conception. They follow each one of those easy methods to a close learn of the anatomy of crime, even as reviewing different major criminological views on either side of the Atlantic, together with the feminist one. They specialize in 3 major themes: making crime via making felony legislations; making crime through imposing felony legislations; and making crime by way of the management of legal justice within the courts. overseas in outlook, "A Sociology of Crime" includes fabric from the united states, Britain and Canada that is heavily associated with the theoretical ways mentioned. This booklet might be of curiosity to undergraduates and postgraduates in criminology and sociology.

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Sample text

Durkheim, for example, claimed that forms of law were an expression of the forms of solidarity in society. As societies changed from 'mechanical' to 'organic' solidarity so their forms of law changed from being in the main repressive to being preponderantly restitutive. For the structural consensus position the links among 'society', 'values' and 'law' are conceptual rather than empirical. Durkheim, for example, took the view 'that society is in essence its moral codes, the rules which govern the relations between its members' (Sharrock 1977: 486, emphasis is in original).

In Canada in 1985, following the success of groups such as MADD (Mothers Against Drunken Driving) in the United States (Reinarman 1988), organizations such as PRIDE (People to Reduce Impaired Driving Everywhere) and SADD (Students Against Drinking and Driving) were set up and engaged in campaigns against drinking and driving. A primary objective of these groups was to increase public perception of the seriousness of this offence. As a result of this focus on the 'problem' of drinking and driving, in 1985 penalties under the Criminal Code and such provincial statutes as the Highway Traffic Act of Ontario were increased.

In much the same way, the prohibition of alcohol in the USA led to murder and the formation of gangs through the development of bootlegging. Starting from the assumption that society makes deviant acts possible by setting up prohibitions, the argument leads to the conclusion that by setting up such rules, society also provides people with the circumstances which will motivate them to perform further deviant acts, to develop lifestyles and organisations around the needs of the prohibited activity.

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