By Richard Evans
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Additional info for A History of Pergamum: Beyond Hellenistic Kingship
24 Eumenes II, then, seemed to believe – or was perhaps led to believe – that he had the freedom of action accorded to an ally rather than a client of Rome. Initially the Romans were content to allow this during the period from the Peace of Apamea down to the start of the Third Macedonian War in 171. Eumenes’ activities in these two decades also clearly show an independence of action, although, because there was no official Roman presence in Asia Minor, his neighbours were equally quick to regard Rome as a distant and somewhat disengaged power.
Pergamum therefore became the instrument of Roman hegemony in Asia Minor. Before the successful outcome of this Romano-Syrian war the kingdom hardly extended beyond its city walls, hemmed in by Syrian forces which had largely overrun western Asia Minor. ] those [cities] which had been supporters of Antiochus or had paid tribute to Attalus were required to pay taxes to Eumenes. Eumenes The Ally of Rome 35 received in addition the following lands: Lysimacheia and the Chersonese and the towns, villages and territories which Antiochus had possessed.
When the king suffered a reverse in Palestine he asked for aid against Egypt and Antiochus responded positively. 7), and Antiochus, with his mother – his most ardent supporter – now made Sardis their capital. 9). Antiochus was, however, unable to follow up this victory, since this had been achieved with support from Mithridates, the king of Pontus, who turned against his former ally. 1), our sole source for the period, Eumenes fully exploited this situation,52 although precisely what he can have achieved is not stated.