By Thomas Fleming
By the time John Brown hung from the gallows for his crimes at Harper’s Ferry, Northern abolitionists had made him a “holy martyr” of their crusade opposed to Southern slave proprietors. This Northern hatred for Southerners lengthy predated their objections to slavery. They have been confident that New England, whose spokesmen had started the yank Revolution, must have been the chief of the recent state. as an alternative, they'd been displaced through Southern “slavocrats” like Thomas Jefferson.
This malevolent envy exacerbated the South’s maximum worry: a race warfare. Jefferson’s cry, “We are actually to be pitied,” summed up their dread. for many years, extremists in either areas flung insults and threats, growing intractable enmities. by way of 1861, just a civil conflict that may kill 1000000 males may retailer the Union.
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Extra resources for A Disease in the Public Mind: A New Understanding of Why We Fought the Civil War
South Carolina and Alabama delegates agreed to walk out of the convention if the next day's roll-call vote approved the pro-Douglas platform. Word of the agreement reached the hotel room where the Ohio delegation had its headquarters, casting disillusionment over these supporters of Douglas. Vallandigham, visiting the Ohio headquarters, must have thought that his prophesy, made several days earlier, would soon be fulfilled. Visitors who called found that the Ohio supply of whiskey had run out and no miracle refilled the empty barrel.
He found little there to refurbish his hopes. The feud between CAMPAIGNING FOR DOUGLAS 39 Buchanan and Douglas had divided the party in Ohio as the sectional controversy had wrecked it on the national level. Political realists knew that the schism was hopeless and that the odds therefore favored Lincoln, candidate of one of the sectional parties. Douglas's supporters could only hope that none of the three rival candidates would receive a majority of the electoral votes. The election would be thrown into the House of Representatives, then, and Douglas might emerge with the honors.
Now that section must not only cease its exploitation of South and West, but it must also respect the constitutional rights of those two sections. For a while he talked like a Western sectionalist and brazenly called himself one, averring he would remain dedicated to Western interests until his dying day. " Like Daniel Webster on an earlier occasion, he spoke out for one Constitution, one Union, one flag, and one destiny. That destiny, he warned, could not be fulfilled unless Westerners, Northerners, and Southerners subordinated sectional interests to the national welfare.