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By Diana M. Goodwin (auth.)

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1st cervical vertebra; 2nd cervical vertebra; etc. CA: carcinoma; cancer; chronological age. 46 c CALCARINE CORTEX: the lower of two medial elevations in the posterior horn of the lateral cerebral ventricle, produced by the lateral extension of the calcarine sulcus. CALCULATIONS SUBTEST: (Psycho-Educational Battery; Woodcock, 1977) a test for spatial dyscalculia; a test of basic arithmetic including recognition of symbols, ability to calculate spatially, and calculation of adult level mathematical concepts such as fractions, decimals, squares, and algebraic functions.

CAUDATE NUCLEUS: part of the basal ganglia; an elongated, arched gray mass closely related to the lateral ventricle throughout its 48 c entire extent and consisting of a head, body, and tail; along with the putamen forms a functional unit (the neostriatum) of the corpus striatum; serves an important role in motor inhibition; electrical stimulation causes stoppage of motion; destruction leads to "obstinate progression;" insufficient transmitter substance (dopamine) at the caudate synapse is responsible for the clinical syndrome of Parkinson's disease; extrapyramidal reaction (EPR); depletion of dopamine levels by neuroleptic medications; see also chorea, choreoathetosis, Sydenham's chorea, Huntington's chorea, senile chorea, tardive dyskinesia, lupus erythematosus.

Korsakoffs amnesic defect; 2. apathy and plastidity; 3. loss of sexual capacity; 4. loss of other unilateral functions; 5. KluverBucy syndrome. BILATERAL HEMIANOPIA: true hemianopia. BILATERAL PREFRONTAL LESIONS: severe impairment in reporting the time of day and in decoding proverbs, perseveration (inflexible behavior, inability to change response sets), impaired response inhibition (impulsivity). BINASAL HEMIANOPIA: heteronymous hemianopia in which the defects are in the nasal half of the field of vision in each eye.

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