By Marelene F. Rayner-Canham, Geoffrey W. Rayner-Canham
This paintings contains biographical essays on 23 girls who labored in atomic technology throughout the first twenty years of the 20 th century, together with Marie Curie, Lise Meitner, Irene Joliot-Curie, and a number of lesser-known girls scientists whose lifestyles tales have by no means earlier than been advised. The biographies spotlight the lives and paintings of those ladies, noting their contributions and the demanding situations they confronted and overcame. Taken jointly the essays list their collective stories, highlighting the aid community that built between them and the explanations girls have been extra main during this box within the early a part of this century than in different sciences. by means of recuperating and recording person and collective histories of the various eminent ladies in radioactivity whose paintings had an enormous influence at the clinical discoveries of the final century, a extra entire, gender-integrated view of the background of this attention-grabbing box emerges.
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Extra resources for A Devotion to Their Science: Pioneer Women of Radioactivity
51 Whereas the Braggs had almost single-handedly founded the science of crystallography and Hopkins, together with Mendel in the United States,52 had opened the doors to women in biochemistry, radioactivity had a number of early pioneers. J. Thomson, Frederick Soddy, Kasimir Fajans, and Otto Honigschmidt, took on women students. The role of the supervisor, we believe, was very important to the early women involved in the study of radioactivity. Like the Braggs and Hopkins, Rutherford seemed to provide a collaborative, positive working environment for his research workers.
Of the researchers that are studied in detail here, the majority never married. Brooks and Leslie abandoned their careers after marriage while Curie, Joliot-Curie, Noddack, and Szmidt married fellow atomic scientists. Blau, Chamie, Dorabialska, Gates, Gleditsch, Karamihailova, Maracineanu, Meitner, and Rona remained single. "89 The women researchers profiled in this book clearly regarded their work as the purpose of their lives. "91 Yet there was no equivalent requirement for male researchers to remain single; all five of the main male characters mentioned in this work - Fajans, Honigschmid, Rutherford, Soddy, and Thomson - were married.
71 Emil Fischer, head of the Chemical Institute of the University of Berlin, expressly forbade Meitner to enter the research laboratories where the male students worked. Instead, a wood shop was adapted for her needs. However, this exclusion was no impediment for Meitner as she was extremely strong-willed and determined to become a physicist. This is illustrated 23 Pioneer Women of Radioactivity by Meimer's reply to a letter from a young science student, Miss Patricia Alison, who asked Meitner why she had taken up her subject of study.